The 9th of Rabi al-Awwal marks the end of the days of mourning for Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them), and the beginning of the days of joy and happiness for Shiites.
Some narrations from the Infallibles discuss the virtue of this day, and a number of Shia Scholars have also made comments in this regard.
Some acts of worship have also been recommended to honor the greatness of this day, which is called Farhat Al-Zahra and Ghadir Thani.
With the arrival of the 9th of Rabi al-Awwal, which marks the death anniversary of the arch enemy of Ahlul-Bayt (peace be upon them), days of joy and happiness begin for the Shiites all over the world.
Devotees of the Infallible Pure Ahlul-Bayt (peace be upon them) celebrate this occasion by holding “Farhat Al-Zahra” ceremony.
After two months of mourning for Sayyed al-Shuhada, peace be upon him, loyalists of Ahl al-Bayt, peace be upon them, wear clothes of joy and are happy with the happiness of Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra, peace be upon her.
The 9th of Rabi al-Awwal marks the second greatest Shia Eid, and is also named “the Second Ghadir”. In Mafatih al-Jinan, this day is referred to as Eid al-Baqr (cutting), because it is the day of “the joy of Fatima al-Zahra” on which her curse was answered.
The Second Ghadeer, along with the First Ghadeer, are considered two important points of time for declaring “Tabarri=disownment” and “Tawalli=submission and love”, and for this reason, scholars and the faithful throughout history have always emphasized commemorating these days.
In his book “Zawa’ed al-Fawa’ed”, Sayyed bin Tawoos has narrated a hadith from Ahmad bin Ishaq al-Qomi who narrates from Imam Hasan al-Askari (peace be upon him), and says: “I asked that honorable Imam: Has there been a new source of joyfarahjoy for Ahlul-Bayt today? The Imam said: Which day is more sacred to Ahlul-Bayt than today, which is the ninth day of Rabi al-Awwal.
According to this narration, Imam Hasan al-Askari continued to say: I made this day Eid for all Shiites, whoever observes this day as Eid, his sins are forgiven and his deeds are accepted. He is rewarded equivalent to whatever surrounds ‘Arsh (the Divine Throne), and we guarantee to grant him our intercession.”
Also, the book Zad al-Ma’ad by Allamah Majlisi records a narration from Amir al-Mu’minin Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon them, who says: I swear by God that this day is the day on which the Almighty God brought joy to the heart of the Prophet’s family, and I know seventy two names for this day.
The narration continues as Amir al-Mu’minin mentions seventy-two names for this day, including: the Second Ghadir, the day of remission of sins of the Shiites, the day of answering prayers, the day of the appearance of God’s power, the day of joy and happiness of the Shiites, the day of helping the oppressed, the day of visitation to and friendship with the believers, the day of worship, and the day of submission to the Leadership of the Religious Leaders.
Regarding this day, Sheikh Abbas al-Qomi writes in his book Waqa’ye al-Ayyam on page 315: The ninth day of Rabi al-Awwal is a most great day and the day of the joy of the Shias and their great Eid. The Prophet made this day an Eid and ordered that the people observe this day as Eid. Whoever spends in charity on this day, his sins will be forgiven. It is recommended to offer food to the believers and make them happy on this day. It’s also Mustahab to increase spending on family, wear new clothes, give thanks to and worship God. This day is the day of the removal of sorrows.
In the fifth volume of his book, page 43, the author of Jawahir al-Kalam writes: “I came across a detailed account from the Holy Prophet, may God bless him and his family, regarding the grace and blessing of this day, and that it is a day of joy and happiness for him, which the human mind falls short of comprehending.”